Marine animals, also known as sea animals, are those that spend all or most of their lives living in the sea. Discarding the river animals and lake animals, that although they are aquatic animals, they could not withstand the salinity of seawater.

Marine animals

We can find a large ecosystem that has an extensive biodiversity of species and plants, in fact it is so large that scientists are unaware of all the species that inhabit the seabed.

In the sea live numerous species of fish, reptiles, birds, mammals in the group of vertebrates, the invertebrates being the cnidarians, echinoderms, sponges, marine worms, crustaceans and mollusks.

For more information visit the section on aquatic animals.

Classification

Sea animals are the most diverse on the planet and it is important to note that there are marine animals that do not live in the sea all the time. Marine animals can be classified into two large groups:

  • Non-strict marine animals: These marine animals do not carry out their life cycle (they are born, grow, reproduce and die) totally in the sea since they need a surface of land or rock to survive where they rest or reproduce. They dive into the sea to feed. Some of these animals may be the Penguins, the seals o sea ​​lions.
  • Strict marine animals: These marine animals carry out their entire life cycle inside the sea, since outside the sea they would be unable to survive like whales, sharks or dolphins.

Features

The sea turtle is part of the marine animals

The sea turtle is part of the marine animals

Food

Most species are omnivorous animals. Crustaceans (such as Antarctic shrimp) consume zooplankton (microscopic animals) which in turn feed on phytoplankton. Carnivorous species feed on other fish.

Breathing

To survive sea animals, most species have gills to breathe. Although we can find exceptions such as turtles or whales that have lungs.

Tides and currents

The entire sea is dominated by the movements that gravity exerts on the oceans. Defined as tides and currents. These movements affect the life of animals that have had to adapt to survive.

Pressures

As we go into the depths of the oceans, so does the pressure and the sun's rays. We define pressure as the force that a liquid, gas or solid exerts when it is increasing will begin to damage the tissues to the point where it can kill.

A human can withstand 21 times the atmospheric pressure, that is, about 214 meters deep without any type of equipment. But some animals have developed a great resistance to pressure and can survive in these extreme conditions. To achieve this, most have discarded their skeletons, turning into invertebrate animals, since the ideal body is a gelatinous one and their organs must store a large amount of oxygen because at great depths it is very scarce.

List of marine animals

Acara electric blue



andean cara pulcher is acara blue (Andinoacara beautiful) is a little fish That many people collect in their fish tanks, there is a good reason, its Latin name, pulcher, means beautiful. These little aquatic animals captivate any fish tank.

The albatross spends most of its life flying.

Albatros



albatross (Diomedeidae) is a marine feathered giant which has the longest wingspan of all birds wild, the wandering albatross is the largest of about two dozen different species.

Giant target



giant crave (Tridacna gigas) It is the largest of the mollusks that we know, it can measure up to one meter and weigh up to 230 kilograms, being an immobile animal, it does not move from where it sits and remains in that place the rest of its life in the sea. Therefore we can define it as a wild animal that belongs to the Marine animals.

Brunette in profile

Moray eel

Colony of sea squirts

Ascidias

Sea slug



sea ​​slug (Holothuroidea) o sea ​​slug, Also known as sea ​​cucumber because of their shape and because they hide among the algae, thus looking like just another vegetable. It is a gastropod mollusk marine which, as an adult, lacks a shell and is usually bright in color. The sea slug, or nudibranch, is distributed throughout the world, the most numerous and the largest being those found in tropical waters.