Farm animals are domestic animals used by humans to help themselves with their workforce or to obtain food from their meat, milk or eggs. In the past, they were key to leaving the nomadic life behind and adopting the current sedentary life.

Farms can be owned and operated by families, corporations, businesses, or communities. Its size varies from small spaces to large industrial complexes and there are farms of various types.

The cow is the most recognizable farm animal

The cow is the most recognizable farm animal

Farm types

Commercial

Traditional commercial farms are used to create different types of food for human consumption such as meat, milk or eggs and other products of animal origin such as wool or fur. Although there are other less traditional farms mainly for the production of exotic meat or skins.

Among the rarest are crocodile farms where meat is produced and their skins are removed. The most important farms are in the United States, Australia, South Africa, Mexico and the Philippines.

The ostrich is also raised on farms in Australia to consume its meat, extract its feathers or consume its eggs.

Fish farms

Fish farms are designed to breed fish in captivity. They are created in rivers and seas, being of two types: continental and marine. Eels, salmon and trout are raised on inland fish farms. And in the marine fish farms turbot, sea bream or sea bass are raised.

Bee farms

Under the science known as beekeeping, the bee is raised to obtain various products such as thousands, pollen, jelly, propolis, wax and natural cosmetics.

Farm schools

School farms are places for people, mainly children, to learn about caring for pets.

People who come to them will learn to respect the environment, take care of different animals or handle the different products produced on a farm.

Self-sustaining farms

Self-sustaining farms are very current, using solar and wind energy. They are very oriented to the production of high quality ecological products and limited in quantity. To achieve this, no artificial fertilizers or insecticides or potentially dangerous to health or the environment are used.

Use of farm animals

Today's domestic animals were wild, but they were domesticated by man to take advantage of resources, labor or transportation.

Donkey carrying branches

Donkey carrying branches

Animals for protection and work

On farms the dog is used to protect other domestic animals from predators such as wolves or foxes. They can also be used to control the herd to guide them from the mountain / meadow to the corral.

Like the dog, cats are used to defend other smaller farm animals such as mice or various vermin.

Animals for work

Formerly it was an indispensable element in farms. They are currently being replaced by machines that are even more efficient, but there are still some farms that still use it and refuse to use machines.

The most used were the donkey and the horse. Animals with great strength that were used to transport and till the field.

Farm animals for production

They are the animals used to produce the following products:

  • Milk: It is produced by cows and goats. Being a great source of calcium for humans.
  • Eggs: Produced mainly by chickens, although quail or ostrich eggs are also consumed.
  • Meats: It is obtained from pigs, sheep, chickens, cows, ducks.
  • Textile products: Wool is obtained from sheep to make clothing
  • Derivative products: They are those products called charcuterie that are obtained from the meat of the pig or other animals.
  • Fertilizer: The excrement of some animals is used as fertilizer for agriculture.

Farm Animal List

Donkey looking at camera.

Butter



butter (Donkey donkey) the donkey has been a domestic animal for about 5.000 years, from Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somalicus) native to northeast Africa. Its domestication quickly spread throughout the world due to its enormous utility for the time, it could transport heavy loads and goods over long distances.

Wild Horse

Horse



horse (Equus Caballus) They have been around for 50 million years, and throughout that time they have evolved. Horses had many toes on their legs, even today’s beautiful horses, which only have one toe. The modern horse has been domesticated by the human being throughout centuries for transport or for battle.

Goat



goat (Capra) it's a mammal animal of robust body with horns and cloven hooves. They are members of the Bovidae family, which also includes antelopes, bovine y sheep, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Other members of the Capragenus are the mountain goat, markhors, and turs, which are sometimes referred to as mountain goats. Mountain goats are the only living species in the genus Oreamnos.

Cebu in the wild

Zebu



CEBU (Bos primigenius indicus) es a mammal used for cattle native to the jungles of South Asia, being the only species of cattle capable of adapting to the warm tropics. Their distinctive hump on the upper part of their back also makes them known as "jorabado cattle." There are believed to be more than 75 species, more than half found in Africa and the remainder in Asia.

Pig in freedom

Pig



pork (Sus Scrofa Scrofa) es a mammalian animal. It is believed that it was domesticated in 9.000 BC from the wild boar, which was found in the forests of Asia and Europe. Currently, the pig is used for meat, leather and hair is used to make brushes. It is found all over the world and is raised by millions to produce meat, bacon, sausages, ham, and chops. All produced from the same animal.

Rabbit



rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a small mammal with a short, fluffy tail, whiskers, and distinctive long ears. There are more than 30 species around the world, and although they live in many different environments, they have many things in common.