Farm animalsPosted on May 18, 2018 - Last modified: September 8, 2018
Farm animals are domestic animals used by humans to help themselves with their workforce or to obtain food from their meat, milk or eggs. In the past, they were key to leaving the nomadic life behind and adopting the current sedentary life.
Farms can be owned and operated by families, corporations, businesses, or communities. Its size varies from small spaces to large industrial complexes and there are farms of various types.
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Traditional commercial farms are used to create different types of food for human consumption such as meat, milk or eggs and other products of animal origin such as wool or fur. Although there are other less traditional farms mainly for the production of exotic meat or skins.
Among the rarest are crocodile farms where meat is produced and their skins are removed. The most important farms are in the United States, Australia, South Africa, Mexico and the Philippines.
The ostrich is also raised on farms in Australia to consume its meat, extract its feathers or consume its eggs.
Fish farms are designed to breed fish in captivity. They are created in rivers and seas, being of two types: continental and marine. Eels, salmon and trout are raised on inland fish farms. And in the marine fish farms turbot, sea bream or sea bass are raised.
Under the science known as beekeeping, the bee is raised to obtain various products such as thousands, pollen, jelly, propolis, wax and natural cosmetics.
School farms are places for people, mainly children, to learn about caring for pets.
People who come to them will learn to respect the environment, take care of different animals or handle the different products produced on a farm.
Self-sustaining farms are very current, using solar and wind energy. They are very oriented to the production of high quality ecological products and limited in quantity. To achieve this, no artificial fertilizers or insecticides or potentially dangerous to health or the environment are used.
Use of farm animals
Today's domestic animals were wild, but they were domesticated by man to take advantage of resources, labor or transportation.
Animals for protection and work
On farms the dog is used to protect other domestic animals from predators such as wolves or foxes. They can also be used to control the herd to guide them from the mountain / meadow to the corral.
Like the dog, cats are used to defend other smaller farm animals such as mice or various vermin.
Animals for work
Formerly it was an indispensable element in farms. They are currently being replaced by machines that are even more efficient, but there are still some farms that still use it and refuse to use machines.
The most used were the donkey and the horse. Animals with great strength that were used to transport and till the field.
Farm animals for production
They are the animals used to produce the following products:
- Milk: It is produced by cows and goats. Being a great source of calcium for humans.
- Eggs: Produced mainly by chickens, although quail or ostrich eggs are also consumed.
- Meats: It is obtained from pigs, sheep, chickens, cows, ducks.
- Textile products: Wool is obtained from sheep to make clothing
- Derivative products: They are those products called charcuterie that are obtained from the meat of the pig or other animals.
- Fertilizer: The excrement of some animals is used as fertilizer for agriculture.