Omnivorous animalsPosted on May 18, 2018 - Last modified: September 8, 2018
Omnivorous animals are all those animals that eat any type of food, be it animal or vegetable meat, they are the animals with the most balanced diet, since they obtain all kinds of nutrients.
Omnivorous animals have a digestive tract capable of digesting any type of food.
They are generally predators and have a longer life expectancy than strict carnivorous animals since in the absence of prey, they can feed on fruits and plants and normally if they live in a place with abundant vegetation they do not usually hunt, they save energy by consuming vegetables.
Thanks to this, they are considered opportunistic animals, since they usually choose the easiest and most comfortable option when it comes to feeding.
Its teeth are also its biggest limitation, since it is not prepared to take good advantage of meat as it does not have large fangs or strong claws, as occurs in primates. The grass is not nutritious for a large part of omnivorous animals since their digestive system is not sufficiently developed.
Advantages and disadvantages of being an omnivorous animal
Being an omnivore has several advantages, such as being able to eat a wide variety of products and also having a more flexible diet. Omnivores are able to select their components of the diet from both species of flora and fauna around them and therefore have more options than herbivores and carnivores. This is beneficial for omnivores since if a food becomes scarce, they can move on to a more abundant food.
On the other hand due to changes in the seasons and the availability of food, some omnivores have to be flexible in their diets. For example, the omnivorous diet of many bears changes with the seasons. In spring and summer, they eat worms and large prey like deer and feed on young vegetation, which is more tender and easier to digest. During the fall and winter months, bears eat smaller prey, such as ants, and eat more plant roots and nuts.