Animals of the forestPosted on May 18, 2018 - Last modified: September 8, 2018
Forest animals vary depending on their type (more dense or less dense). Forest animal species also vary according to the time of year.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is a forest?
- 2 Coniferous forest animals
- 3 Chilean forest animals
- 4 Animals of the Madrean pine-oak forest
- 5 Temperate forest animals
- 6 African forest animals
- 7 Animals of the Argentine Chaco forest
- 8 Mediterranean forest animals
- 9 Tropical forest animals
What is a forest?
Forests are one of the most important biomes that exist. When we speak of a forest we refer to a region that has a great diversity of trees, where fauna and flora intervene.
They are made up of bushes and trees, acting as the lung of the planet. Being the youngest trees and in full growth those that have the most impact on the generation of CO2.
Coniferous forest animals
Coniferous forests are found in the extreme north, being more numerous in the Arctic Circle. The densest forests are found in the north and the most temperate ones are found in New Zealand, Chile, and western North America. They can reach 75 meters in height and some forests are more than 500 years old.
The insects that we can find are mainly mites that cause large pests such as the sawfly or the pine beetle, bark beetle.
The most abundant birds are finches, goldfinches, bats, kings, peregrine falcons, climbing eagles, owlets, owls, and woodpeckers. Some of the birds are migratory, such as the Pollero hawk that flies in winter from Alaska to Mexico.
Among its trees we can locate mammals such as black bears, deer, lynxes, foxes, marmots, elk, wolves and beavers. And small mammals like porcupines, squirrels, hares and rabbits.
The animals of the coniferous forest have adapted to their habitat. Those that are capable of regulating body temperature are called endothermic vertebrates. They have short appendages (ears, legs, snouts, and tails).
Birds and mammals have developed a large amount of fur and feathers that help them survive low temperatures. Other animals must migrate during the winter season or change their fur from gray to white, such as hares or foxes.
Chilean forest animals
Mammals such as guacanos, beavers, otters, huemules, chingues and coipos inhabit Chilean forests. The predominant birds are the black-necked swan, bustards, kingfishers, caiquenes, petrels, oystercatchers and the steam duck.
Animals of the Madrean pine-oak forest
In the mixed mountain forests, pine and oak trees predominate in a balanced way. These forests are located in the Sierra Madre mountain system, especially in Mexico, extending from the United States to Nicaragua.
In the high mountain areas there are pines that can reach up to 25 meters in height and on the slopes we find oaks about 7 meters high.
Small mammals such as rabbits, opossums, squirrels, gophers, bats and hares inhabit these forests. They inhabit medium-sized mammals such as coyotes, prairie dogs, raccoons, skunks, weasels
Among the birds we find woodpeckers, quetzalli, pigeons, magpies, givilanes, owls, buzzards, herons, wild ducks and coots.
We can also find insects such as scorpions and reptiles such as coral or coral snake, rattlesnake, cincuantes and chirrioneras.
Temperate forest animals
Temperate forests appear in several regions throughout the planet that have warm climates and there are two types, deciduous and evergreen, which tend to have a more varied range of wildlife than deciduous forests.
Deciduous forests tend to be found in the Northern Hemisphere, in parts of Europe, Japan, and North America. Evergreen forests are generally seen in warmer climates in southern Europe, South Africa, South America, and parts of southern Australia.
The animals that inhabit these forests are: goats, bears, squirrels, badgers, raccoons, owls, black bears, pumas, white-tailed deer, golden eagles, and woodpeckers.
Animals of the forest deciduous
Among the animals of the deciduous forest we find mammals such as raccoons, rabbits, skunks or skunks, deer, lynx, foxes, brown bears, bison, red pandas, clouded leopards, giant panda and Siberian tiger.
The most common birds are: yellow-breasted sparrows, warblers, American robins, peregrine falcons, eagle owls, white-tailed and spotted eagles, quail, red-crowned cranes, and pitta fairies (endangered)
Some insects such as the ocher mounted moth and the green torix. The most abundant amphibians are fowler toads and wood frogs.
They inhabit the reptiles like the black rat snake and the copper snake. There are also aquatic animals such as the box turtle.
African forest animals
In the African forests we can find a great variety of exotic and unique animals of this continent.
Mammals include antelopes, deer, zebras, giraffes, buffalos, African elephants, rhinos, lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, jackals, mongooses, gorillas, apes, monkeys, flying squirrels, bats, and lemurs.
Animals of the Argentine Chaco forest
In the Chaco forests of Argentina we can find mammals such as foxes, skunks, otters, quinchonchos, bears, coatis, ferrets, anteaters, peccaries or mountain pigs, corzuelas, caí monkeys, carayá or howler monkeys, miriquiná monkeys, squirrels, comaderejas overas, cuises, lauchas, rabbits, capybara, yellow, tattoo cart, matacos and biting or vampire death.
Among the birds we will find a great variety from parrots, parakeets, parrots, pigeons, flamingos, toucans to magpies, partridges, teros, herons, chajaés, ñandúes, long-legged red-legged chuñas, lampalagua, yarará or viper de la cruz, yacaré and barefoot .
In the province of Chacho you can also see rare animals such as the puma, the jaguar, the wild cat, aguará-pope, the onza cat and the aira cat.
Mediterranean forest animals
The Mediterranean forest is found in regions that have a Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and dry summers. With rainy seasons in autumn and spring.
In the Mediterranean forests live birds such as the jay, the common crossbill, the blue tit, the goldfinch, the chough, the griffon vulture, the golden eagle and the goshawk.
Or amphibians such as the spur toad, common toad, green frog or common frog, the common salamander, marbled newt and the Iberian newt.
The most characteristic mammals of the Mediterranean forest are the brown bear, the fallow deer, the deer, the wild boar, the bobcat, the rabbit, the black-faced dormouse, the genets and the foxes.
Tropical forest animals
The vegetation in this type of forest develops high altitudes, high rainfall and high temperatures. 40% of all species on the planet are found in these forests as it is rich in nutrients, which favors a greater diversity of plants and species. However, the high variety has brought fierce competition for survival.
Most are found in trees because food is scarce on the ground and full of predators. Still they are inhabited by small mammals that feed on fruit trees.
Therefore, the animals that inhabit tropical forests have adaptations that allow them to live in the treetops, camouflaged. Others have developed unique hunting techniques.
Invertebrates populate these types of forests, swim, fly and hide underground. We find thousands of species of butterflies such as the monarch butterfly, the blue morpho or the birdwing butterfly (the largest in the world).
In the terrestrial plane inhabit ants, assassin insects, beetles, moths, dragonflies, spiders, tarantulas, snails, terns and ticks.
In the sky we find a great variety of bird species, some 2.500 species. Some birds are predators such as hawks, vultures, harpy eagles, moray eagle, goshawks, owls and the crowned eagle. Others are showy birds that are frugivorous or herbivorous such as parrots, toucans, cuckoos, hummingbirds, birds of paradise, arbor birds, cassowary, kagú or the bankiva rooster.
The warm and humid forest climate is very favorable for thousands of reptiles to develop, with snakes being the most numerous. We found vipers, tortoises and galapagos, coral snakes, anacondas, boas, alligators, cobras, pythons, lizards, lizards, overa iguanas, iguanas and crocodiles.
Mammals also inhabit these types of forests, from small rodents to large mammals that live in the treetops.
Predators include jaguars, ocelots, tigers, vampire bats, and clouded panthers. Herbivores such as the great flying fox, capybara, rats, anteaters, sloths, porcupines, dwarf antelope, agouti, opossums, wild boars, flying squirrels and monkeys such as orangutans, lemurs, tamarins, gibbons, howler monkeys etc.
In the Amazon River (the largest in the world) coexist more than 200 species of fish, which feed on other fish or fruits, seeds that fall from the trees. Some of these fish are piranhas, electric eels or chermas.
They also inhabit amphibians such as the arrowhead frog, the red-eyed green frog, bufo toads and the giant sea toad.
You can expand information in the section land animals.