Mountain animalsPosted on May 18, 2018 - Last modified: September 8, 2018
The mountain ranges expand throughout the world, being the result of the movement of tectonic plates. They can vary in height from a small hill to the largest mountain in the world at about 8.848 meters, which is the height of Mount Everest.
Mountain animals have to endure drastic changes in temperature, they must also cope with lower oxygen levels, but they have managed to survive successfully at great altitudes.
Any mountain animal must be able to cope with changes in temperatures. For every 200 meters that an animal climbs a mountain, the temperature drops by one degree centigrade, making life more difficult as we advance in height.
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Types of mountains
There are two main types of mountain ranges, which are the temperate mountains and the tropical mountains.
The temperate mountains tend to be quite cold throughout the year. In spring and summer there is an outburst of plant life at high altitudes that encourage herbivores to climb the mountain in search of food and protection. We can find temperate mountains in Europe, Central Asia, and North and South America.
Tropical mountains have warmer climates. Tropical mountain ranges are found in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America.
Characteristics of mountain animals
Some mammalian animals such as goats, deer, sheep have adapted to life in the mountains and we can often find them on ledges and cliffs. These herbivores go up the mountain when the vegetation is numerous and they go down again when autumn arrives and it begins to be cold and food is scarce. These herbivores attract other carnivorous mammals to mountainous regions such as bears, pumas, or mountain lions.
Other species are not found in mountains, but within them. The smaller species have adapted and live in small crevices and caves. Being popular for amphibians like toads and salamanders, numerous species of insects and mammals like bats.
The human factor
Although the biome remains stable, humans continue to affect the mountains. Deforestation, quarrying and the development of ski resorts are harmful to mountain animals, along with other problems such as global warming and climate change that affect plants and animals.