The mountain ranges expand throughout the world, being the result of the movement of tectonic plates. They can vary in height from a small hill to the largest mountain in the world at about 8.848 meters, which is the height of Mount Everest.

Mountain animals have to endure drastic changes in temperature, they must also cope with lower oxygen levels, but they have managed to survive successfully at great altitudes.

Any mountain animal must be able to cope with changes in temperatures. For every 200 meters that an animal climbs a mountain, the temperature drops by one degree centigrade, making life more difficult as we advance in height.



Types of mountains

There are two main types of mountain ranges, which are the temperate mountains and the tropical mountains.

Temperate mountains

The temperate mountains tend to be quite cold throughout the year. In spring and summer there is an outburst of plant life at high altitudes that encourage herbivores to climb the mountain in search of food and protection. We can find temperate mountains in Europe, Central Asia, and North and South America.

Tropical mountains

Tropical mountains have warmer climates. Tropical mountain ranges are found in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America.

Characteristics of mountain animals

Some mammalian animals such as goats, deer, sheep have adapted to life in the mountains and we can often find them on ledges and cliffs. These herbivores go up the mountain when the vegetation is numerous and they go down again when autumn arrives and it begins to be cold and food is scarce. These herbivores attract other carnivorous mammals to mountainous regions such as bears, pumas, or mountain lions.

Other species are not found in mountains, but within them. The smaller species have adapted and live in small crevices and caves. Being popular for amphibians like toads and salamanders, numerous species of insects and mammals like bats.

The human factor

Although the biome remains stable, humans continue to affect the mountains. Deforestation, quarrying and the development of ski resorts are harmful to mountain animals, along with other problems such as global warming and climate change that affect plants and animals.

List of mountain animals

The bee is essential for pollination.

Honey bee

honey bee o honey bees, also known as apis in Latin, although it is one of the most popular bees, it represents only a small percentage of the bee species. This species is the only surviving group of bees in the Apini subclass, which belongs to the genus Apis. They are known for producing and storing honey, or liquefied sugar, as well as for building impressive nests using wax secreted by the workers of a particular colony.

The eagle is a solitary animal.


Eagle (Hieraatus Spilogaster) is a bird boy. With the exception of some vultures, eagles are generally larger than other raptors. They have strong muscular legs, powerful claws, and large hooked beaks that allow them to rip meat from their prey.

A moose resting

I raised

elk (Moose moose) is the largest member of the family of deer Cervidae (order Artiodactyla). Moose are striking in appearance due to their imposing size, black color, long legs, hanging snout, and hairy hanging dewlap (called a bell) and the huge, wide, flat antlers of old bulls.

The squirrel is a small rodent.


chipmunk (Sciuridae) is an agile mammal Bushy-tailed rodent found throughout the world. They belong to the Sciuridae family, which includes prairie dogs, squirrels, and marmots.

We can appreciate the white fur of the ermine in winter.


ermine (Mustela Erminea) is a small mustelid, so it is related to the weasel and the otter. It has an orange body, a black tipped tail, and a distinctive gait. They can be found in meadows, heaths and forests. It is also known as the short-tailed weasel.


wasp (Hymenoptera) constitutes an enormous diversity of insects, with some 30.000 identified species. We are most familiar with those that are cloaked in bright warning colors, the ones that buzz angrily in groups and threaten us with painful stings, but most wasps are actually solitary, non-sting varieties. And they all do humans far more good by controlling pest insect populations than harm. Unlike of bees, the body of a wasp is smooth and has no hair.