Wasteland animalsPosted on May 18, 2018 - Last modified: September 8, 2018
The páramos biome are considered mountainous ecosystems as they are located at an altitude, which can vary between 3.100 m and 5.000 meters above sea level. The moors are also called mountain scrub regions, because shrubs and bushes predominate.
They are an important biome as they are strategic regions due to their altitude and their climate, which fulfill the function of retaining and regulating water throughout the year. In times of drought, the retained water is gradually contributed by runoff to the lower areas, since these areas are those that generate rivers, streams, aqueducts or streams.
The moors are located in tropical latitudes. The most representative are the moors:
Páramos of the northern Andes (Andean páramo): They are found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
- Ethiopian montane wasteland: Located on the Ethiopian Massif.
- Wastelands of East Africa: Located in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and in the DR Congo.
- Páramos de Nueva Guinea: Located in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, they are grasslands and páramos of the Central Mountain Range (New Guinea).
- Central American moors: Located in Costa Rica and Panama.
Types of wastelands
We can classify the moor into three types according to its temperature and height.
- Subparamo: It has an average temperature of 10 ℃. We can find various shrubs and low trees on the montane forest area.
- Paramo: It has an average temperature of about 5 ℃. Here we will find vegetation such as pipes and grasslands.
- Superparamus: It has an average temperature of 2 ℃. In the alpine areas they are considered tundras. We found lichens, mosses, small open, grasslands and open vegetation.
Among the animals of the moor we can find pigeons, bears, deer, ducks, amphibians, reptiles, rodents and birds. All have some kind of adaptation to survive the harsh weather conditions during winter.
50% of moorland wetlands and 35% of freshwater species are considered extinct by scientists. That is why it is necessary for humans to get involved in the conservation of the environment and take care of the sanctuaries of life that we have left, change our way of life to avoid the degradation suffered by the moors.
Livestock and intensive agriculture also affect the moors, causing the biome that supplies us with fresh water to suffer.